VMware vSphere 7.0 – Step by Step for Newbies (ESXi, vCenter, Distributed Switch, vMotion, VSAN, HA & DRS)

Hello Friends, This article will help you to install & configure VMware vSphere 7.0 environment and test features like vMotion, HA & DRS. Like my other posts, even this post will focus on practical instead of theory. Detailed VMware official information can be found here.

VMware vSphere 7.0 – ESXi Installation Guide
VMware vSphere 7.0 – vCenter Installation Guide

With that, lets get started.

Since it’s a base vSphere setup, I have taken pictures of it while doing the configuration and converted into a video. There is no explanation in this video. I have marked my comments in the pic wherever necessary.

These videos are for newbies, who has just started learning VMware, have little understanding of VMware vSphere product and wants to see configuration in GUI. I highly recommend checking VMware documentation side by side. The video is divided into multiple parts due to the restrictions of number of images. I will be happy answer your questions. You can change the speed of the video, so that it plays faster and change resolution to 720 for better image quality. Please leave your questions in comments section at the end of this blog.

 I have configured the environment on one single physical ESXi server. The entire setup is nested. Let me explain the setup.

Physical ESXi has following VM’s.

Domain Controller – For Authentication
JumpBox – To access the nested environment.
VyOS1 – Virtual router which acts as a TOR.
VyOS2 – 2nd TOR.

The exact setup can be created on VMware Workstation too without using TOR. You will have to keep same network for all portgroups. Check my previous blog for physical ESXi and TOR setup.


Hers is the sequence of the setup which is explained in the video.

Create 4 new ESXi hosts (as a VM on physical host).
Install & Configure ESXi 7.0 hypervisor.
Connect to 1st ESXi from JumpBox and configure necessary settings.
Convert HDD of 1st ESXi to SSD for 1 node VSAN configuration (this is for initial setup only).
Download and Deploy vCenter 7.0 on 1st ESXi host.
Connect to vCenter rename Datacenter and Cluster names.
Add remaining 3 ESXi hosts to the cluster.
Create new VDS and add all 4 hosts to it. Delete standard switch.
Create vMotion and VSAN VMkernel (vmk) ports.
Configure VSAN.
Test vMotion.
Enable HA and DRS on the cluster.
The End

VMware vSphere 7.0 Step by Step – Part 1

VMware vSphere 7.0 Step by Step – Part 2

VMware vSphere 7.0 Step by Step – Part 3

VMware vSphere 7.0 Step by Step – Part 4

VMware vSphere 7.0 Step by Step – Part 5

VMware vSphere 7.0 Step by Step – Part 6

VMware vSphere 7.0 Step by Step – Part 7

VMware vSphere 7.0 Step by Step – Part 8

VMware vSphere 7.0 Step by Step – Part 9

That’s it for this post. I hope that all videos are informational. DO leave your comment if you have any questions.

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VyOS Virtual Router

Configure and Install VyOS virtual router for vSphere Lab

To successfully build and test functionalities / features of VMware vSphere, we need following networks in place. This will enable you to test features like vMotion, High Availability & VSAN.

Management Network
vMotion Network
VSAN Network
Uplink Network for North South communication

Since we do not have physical router to connect to, we will use VyOS open source router. This router will act as a TOR for our vSphere environment. In this blog, we will discuss step by step VyOS open source router configuration for VMware lab. This router will be used in all my VMware labs. To start with, I have a single physical ESXi host with following configuration…

2x Intel Xeon E5-2630 v4
Cores: 2x 10x 2.20 GHz (Dual 10 Core)
256 GB RAM
2x 1 TB SATA 7.2k RPM (Hardware RAID 0)
OS : VMware ESXi 6.7

Let’s begin the configuration,

By default, An ESXi will have standard vSwitch0 with VM & Management Network port groups. No need to make any changes here.
Create one more standard switch name ‘VyOS’ with NO uplink.

Edit switch properties as follows…

Promiscuous Mode – Accept
MAC change – Accept
Forged Transmits – Accept
MTU can remain 1500 or can be changed as per your requirement.

Checkout VMware documentation for more information on switch properties.

Next step is to create VM port groups on newly created standard switch. The number of port groups will depend on the number of networks you want in nested lab. I wanted to build this lab vCloud Foundation, hence I created following port groups on VyOS router.

This is how it looks in physical ESXi.

One additional network called “Trunk” with VLAN ID 4095. This will act as a trunk port for all my nested ESXi hosts. A VLAN ID of 4095 represents all trunked VLANs. This will allow all VLAN traffic to and from nested ESXi.

At this stage, we are ready to install and configure VyOS router.
Download VyOS router ISO from https://downloads.VyOS.io/ OR from any other trusted sources.

Installing VyOS is straight forward like you create any other VM on an ESXi.
Create a VM- Name – OS Type – Storage Type- Attach ISO.

For networks, we need to add multiple network interfaces according to number of networks we want in our nested lab environment. Here is how it looks like after adding multiple interfaces. We don’t need to add interface for Trunk port group here, since it will be used by our ESXi severs.

Power On the VM and open console for further configuration.
Login with default user name “VyOS” and default password “VyOS”.

Install image on local disk so that we don’t loose the configuration upon reboot.

Type Yes

Type Auto and continue

Install image on SDA.

Type Yes & Hit Enter for default size option to start the installation.

Name the router and hit enter for Copy option.

Enter the new password for this router and default boot partition.

Installation complete. Power off the VM.

Detach the VyOS ISO from the VM and power it on again. Log in with new credentials and we are good to configure the router.

Check the interfaces on the router. “show interfaces”

This will be equal to network interfaces that you added while creating a VM.
We need to configure these interfaces.

Note: VyOS starts routing between all connected interfaces as soon as you configure them. There is no need of any additional configuration.

Get into configuration mode using ‘config’ command and set your interfaces.

set interfaces ethernet eth0 address
set interfaces ethernet eth1 address
set interfaces ethernet eth2 address
set interfaces ethernet eth3 address
set interfaces ethernet eth4 address
set interfaces ethernet eth5 address
set interfaces ethernet eth6 address

Set the description and & MTU of the interface.

set interfaces ethernet eth0 description VLAN-1631
set interfaces ethernet eth1 description VLAN-1632
set interfaces ethernet eth2 description VLAN-1633
set interfaces ethernet eth3 description VLAN-1634
set interfaces ethernet eth4 description VLAN-2711
set interfaces ethernet eth5 description VLAN-2712
set interfaces ethernet eth6 description VLAN-2713

set interfaces ethernet eth0 mtu 9000
set interfaces ethernet eth1 mtu 9000
set interfaces ethernet eth2 mtu 9000
set interfaces ethernet eth3 mtu 9000
set interfaces ethernet eth4 mtu 9000
set interfaces ethernet eth5 mtu 9000
set interfaces ethernet eth6 mtu 9000

Make sure to commit and save the configuration.

Check interfaces after configuration.

We have configured 7 networks here and .253 will act as a gateway in respective subnet in our nested environment. We are done with the basic configuration of the router here. This router will act as a TOR for our vSphere Environment.

Additional configuration needed for Internet Access in these networks…

Add one more network interface to VyOS (eth7), this interface will be connected to the ‘VM Network’ on ‘vSwitch0’ and NOT on the additional switch that we created. I will assign “” network to eth7, since my physical ESXi is configured with this network and it has internet connectivity. And “” as a gateway, since it is a gateway of my ISP as well as my physical ESXi.

Steps to configure on VyOS…

set interfaces ethernet eth7 address
set interfaces ethernet eth7 description Internet
set protocols static route next-hop distance 1
set nat source rule 101 outbound-interface eth7
set nat source rule 101 source address ‘’
set nat source rule 101 translation address masquerade

This will enable internet access for all VM’s that gets connected to network.

I will post more configuration commands in my upcoming posts. I hope this was helpful for you. Feel free to post comments if you find any difficulties in configuration.

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